1 L- versus 2 L-polyethylene glycol with ascorbic acid for bowel preparation in elderly patients: a randomized multicenter study

Jin Young Yoon, Hyun Gun Kim, Young Seok Cho, Ha Il Kim, Jae Myung Cha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: 1 L-polyethylene glycol (PEG)/ascorbic acid (Asc) was developed to reduce the required oral preparation volume through increasing osmotic load through containing a greater quantity of ascorbate components. We aimed to compare the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of a split-dosing regimen of 1 L-PEG/Asc versus 2 L-PEG/Asc in elderly patients undergoing scheduled colonoscopy. Methods: This was a prospective, non-inferiority, randomized, investigator-blinded multicenter study conducted in Korea between July 2019 and December 2020. Patients aged between 65 and 85 years were randomized at a ratio of 1:1 to either the 1 L-PEG/Asc or 2 L-PEG/Asc group. The efficacy of the bowel preparation was evaluated using the Harefield Cleansing Scale (HCS) and the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS). Results: A total of 202 patients were analyzed. Successful overall bowel preparation was similar between the 1 L-PEG/Asc and 2 L-PEG/Asc groups based on HCS (95.1% vs. 93.1%, P = 0.528) and BBPS (93.1% vs. 90.0%, P = 0.422). The perfect overall bowel preparation rate in the 1 L-PEG/Asc group was higher than that in the 2 L-PEG/Asc group (HCS, 40.2% vs. 25.0%, P = 0.021; BBPS, 80.4% vs. 68.0%, P = 0.044). There were more high-quality bowel preparations for the right colon in the 1 L-PEG/Asc group (HCS, 46.1% vs. 30.0%, P = 0.019; BBPS, 83.3% vs. 70.0%, P = 0.025). The adenoma detection rate (47.1% vs. 49.0%, P = 0.782), rate of adverse events (25.5% vs. 23.0%, P = 0.680), shifts in laboratory results, and tolerability were comparable between the groups. Conclusion: 1 L-PEG/Asc was as effective, safe, and tolerable as 2 L-PEG/Asc in elderly patients with comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5724-5733
Number of pages10
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Ascorbic acid
  • Bowel preparation
  • Elderly
  • Polyethylene glycol

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