1D-2D Synergistic MXene-Nanotubes Hybrids for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells

Abdulaziz S.R. Bati, Mengmeng Hao, Thomas J. Macdonald, Munkhbayar Batmunkh, Yusuke Yamauchi, Lianzhou Wang, Joseph G. Shapter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Incorporation of 2D MXenes into the electron transporting layer (ETL) of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) has been shown to deliver high-efficiency photovoltaic (PV) devices. However, the ambient fabrication of the ETLs leads to unavoidable deterioration in the electrical properties of MXene due to oxidation. Herein, sorted metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes (m-SWCNTs) are employed to prepare MXene/SWCNTs composites to improve the PV performance of PSCs. With the optimized composition, a power conversion efficiency of over 21% is achieved. The improved photoluminescence and reduced charge transfer resistance revealed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy demonstrated low trap density and improved charge extraction and transport characteristics due to the improved conductivity originating from the presence of nanotubes as well as the reduced defects associated with oxygen vacancies on the surface of the SnO2. The MXene/SWCNTs strategy reported here provides a new avenue for realizing high-performance PSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2101925
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2021


  • 2D materials
  • carbon nanotubes
  • MXenes
  • perovskite solar cells


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