3d printed double roller-based triboelectric nanogenerator for blue energy harvesting

Inkyum Kim, Daewon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The ocean covers 70% of the earth’s surface and is one of the largest uncultivated resources still available for harvesting energy. The triboelectric energy harvesting technology has the potential to effectively convert the ocean’s “blue energy” into electricity. A half-cylinder structure including rollers floating on the water has already been used, in which the pendulum motion of the rollers is driven by the waveform. For the stable motion of the rollers, the printed surface of the device was treated with acetone for attaining hydrophilicity. The electrical outputs with the proposed device were enhanced by increasing the contact surface area by simply implementing the double roller structure with double side-covered electrodes. With the optimized structure, the maximum power density reached a value of 69.34 µW m−2 at a load resistance of 200 MΩ with the device’s high output durability. Finally, the fabricated device was also applied to the artificial water waves to demonstrate the possibility of using this device in the ocean. By simply modifying the electrode structure and adding a roller, this device demonstrated the ability to generate over 160% of electrical output with the same covered area of the ocean by the triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) and potential ocean application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1089
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021


  • Blue energy harvesting
  • Double rollers
  • Ecologically friendly technology
  • Space-conservative method
  • Triboelectric nanogenerators


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