A cascade bilayer electron transport layer toward efficient and stable Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite solar cells

Kyeong Su Kim, Woosung Lee, Jae Woong Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Optimal interfaces play a key role in charge transport/recombination characteristics and minimized potential loss of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Currently, n-type oxide semiconductors are the most common electron transport layer (ETL) material, but the imperfect electronic structure, unfavorable band alignment, and corresponding poor interface of ETL/perovskite absorber remain a great challenge for achieving a high photovoltaic performance of PSCs. Here, we combine a fullerene derivative or a non-fullerene organic semiconductor with tin(IV) oxide (SnO2) to promise much-improved surface and electronic structure of ETL interface in Ruddlesden-Popper perovskites (RPPs)-based photovoltaic devices. The organic semiconductors fill a bumpy surface of SnO2 to make the surface smoother, which effectively avoids the shunt pathways at the interface of the ETL/RPP absorber layer, and thereby suppresses unintended electron-hole recombination. The organic-inorganic bilayered ETLs also improve the electronic structure of the SnO2 surface, which provides favorable optoelectronic properties such as quick electron extraction and elongated carrier lifetime in the device. Moreover, the hydrophobic organic semiconductor is helpful in not only growing a uniform, compact, and largely grained RPP absorber layer but also improving the stability of the perovskite absorber layer. Benefiting from the optimized bilayer ETLs, the power conversion efficiency is obviously enhanced up to 10.17% in the RPP-based photovoltaic devices. More importantly, the bilayer ETLs allow improved long-term stability in ambient storage of the devices, providing a viable path to design practical interfaces of efficient and stable RPP-based PSCs. Highlights Hybrid bilayer electron transport layer is designed to enhance the efficiency of Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite solar cells. Phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester and ITIC are inserted as n-type organic semiconductors onto SnO2 film for the bilayer electron transport layer. Tailored optoelectronic properties of the bilayer electron transport layers deliver 10.17% efficiency of Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


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