A cell-penetrating peptide that blocks toll-like receptor signaling protects kidneys against ischemia-reperfusion injury

Su Woong Jung, Jung Woo Seo, Seon Hwa Park, Yang Gyun Kim, Ju Young Moon, Sangdun Choi, Sang Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is involved in the majority of clinical conditions that manifest as renal function deterioration; however, specific treatment for this type of injury is still far from clinical use. Since Toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated signaling is a key mediator of IRI, we examined the effect of a multiple-TLR-blocking peptide named TLR-inhibitory peptide 1 (TIP1), which exerts the strongest action on TLR4, on renal IRI. We subjected C57BL/6 mice to 23 min of renal pedicle clamping preceded by intraperitoneal injection with a vehicle or TIP1. Sham control mice underwent flank incision only. Mouse kidneys were harvested after 24 h of reperfusion for histology, western blot, RT-PCR, and flow cytometry analysis. Pretreatment with TIP1 lowered the magnitude of elevated plasma creatinine levels and attenuated tubular injury. TIP1 treatment also reduced mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines and decreased apoptotic cells and oxidative stress in post-ischemic kidneys. In kidneys pretreated with TIP1, the infiltration of macrophages and T helper 17 cells was less abundant than those in the IRI only group. These results suggest that TIP1 has a potential beneficial effect in attenuating the degree of kidney damage induced by IRI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1627
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Ischemia-reperfusion injury
  • Kidney
  • TLR-inhibitory peptide 1
  • Toll-like receptors

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