A retrospective comparative study of infection control rate and clinical outcome between open debridement using antibiotic-impregnated cement beads and a two-stage revision in acute periprosthetic knee joint infection

Moon Jong Chang, Seung Ah Lee, Seung Baik Kang, Keum Min Hwang, Hyung Jun Park, Kyoung Hwan Lee, Jai Gon Seo, Chong Bum Chang

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether the infection control rate of a modified debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention (DAIR) protocol (DAIR with antibiotic-impregnated cement beads) is comparable to that of 2-stage revision for acute periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We also aimed to determine whether this modified DAIR technique produced better clinical results than those obtained using 2-stage revision in terms of functional outcome, range of motion (ROM), and patient satisfaction at 2 years after surgery.This retrospective comparative study included patients who underwent modified DAIR (7 patients, 9 knees) or 2-stage revision (8 patients, 9 knees) for acute PJI of the knee joint. Infection control rate, functional outcome measured using Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) score, ROM and patient satisfaction were compared between the two groups.There was no difference in infection control rates between the modified DAIR and 2-stage revision groups (78% vs 78%, respectively). In contrast, surgical outcome in the modified DAIR group was tended to be better than 2-stage revision group, but it did not reach statistical significance. Median maximal range of flexion was 103° in the modified DAIR group and it was 90° in the 2-stage group (P = .191). In addition, the median WOMAC function score was 24 in the modified DAIR group and it was 30 in the 2-stage group (P = .076). Median patient satisfaction measured using visual analogue scale was 8 in the modified DAIR group and 5 in the 2-stage group (P = .069).The infection control rates of the modified DAIR protocol and 2-stage revision protocol were similar for the treatment of acute PJI of the knee joint. However, the modified DAIR protocol could not provide substantially increased functional outcomes and patient satisfaction compared to 2-stage revision. Therefore, the modified DAIR technique should be considered to be of limited use in patients with high surgical morbidity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere18891
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • functional outcome
  • infection control rate
  • open debridement
  • periprosthetic joint infection
  • two-stage revision

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