Absence of Spin Frustration in the Kagomé Layers of Cu2+ Ions in Volborthite Cu3V2O7(OH)2·2H2O and Observation of the Suppression and Re-Entrance of Specific Heat Anomalies in Volborthite under an External Magnetic Field

Myung Hwan Whangbo, Hyun Joo Koo, Eva Brücher, Pascal Puphal, Reinhard K. Kremer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We determined the spin exchanges between the Cu2+ ions in the kagomé layers of vol-borthite, Cu3V2O7 (OH)2·2H2O, by performing the energy-mapping analysis based on DFT+U cal-culations, to find that the kagomé layers of Cu2+ ions are hardly spin-frustrated, and the magnetic properties of volborthite below ~75 K should be described by very weakly interacting antiferromag-netic uniform chains made up of effective S = 1/2 pseudospin units. This conclusion was verified by synthesizing single crystals of not only Cu3V2O7 (OH)2·2H2O but also its deuterated analogue Cu3V2O7 (OD)2·2D2O and then by investigating their magnetic susceptibilities and specific heats. Each kagomé layer consists of intertwined two-leg spin ladders with rungs of linear spin trimers. With the latter acting as S = 1/2 pseudospin units, each two-leg spin ladder behaves as a chain of S = 1/2 pseudospins. Adjacent two-leg spin ladders in each kagomé layer interact very weakly, so it is required that all nearest-neighbor spin exchange paths of every two-leg spin ladder remain antiferromagnetically coupled in all spin ladder arrangements of a kagomé layer. This constraint imposes three sets of entropy spectra with which each kagomé layer can exchange energy with the surrounding on lowering the temperature below ~1.5 K and on raising the external magnetic field B. We discovered that the specific heat anomalies of volborthite observed below ~1.5 K at B = 0 are suppressed by raising the magnetic field B to ~4.2 T, that a new specific heat anomaly occurs when B is increased above ~5.5 T, and that the imposed three sets of entropy spectra are responsible for the field-dependence of the specific heat anomalies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number24
JournalCondensed Matter
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • DFT calculations
  • Deuterated volborthite
  • Entropy driven magnetic phase transitions
  • Kagomé layer
  • Magnetic field-dependence of specific heat
  • Magnetic heat capacity
  • Spin 1/2 antiferromagnetic uniform Heisenberg chain
  • Spin exchange
  • Two-leg spin ladder
  • Volborthite

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