Accuracy of convolutional neural networks-based automatic segmentation of pharyngeal airway sections according to craniofacial skeletal pattern

Ha Nul Cho, Eunseo Gwon, Kyung A. Kim, Seung Hak Baek, Namkug Kim, Su Jung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate a 3-dimensional (3D) U-Net-based convolutional neural networks model for the fully automatic segmentation of regional pharyngeal volume of interests (VOIs) in cone-beam computed tomography scans to compare the accuracy of the model performance across different skeletal patterns presenting with various pharyngeal dimensions. Methods: Two-hundred sixteen cone-beam computed tomography scans of adult patients were randomly divided into training (n = 100), validation (n = 16), and test (n = 100) datasets. We trained the 3D U-Net model for fully automatic segmentation of pharyngeal VOIs and their measurements: nasopharyngeal, velopharyngeal, glossopharyngeal, and hypopharyngeal sections as well as total pharyngeal airway space (PAS). The test datasets were subdivided according to the sagittal and vertical skeletal patterns. The segmentation performance was assessed by dice similarity coefficient, volumetric similarity, precision, and recall values, compared with the ground truth created by 1 expert's manual processing using semiautomatic software. Results: The proposed model achieved highly accurate performance, showing a mean dice similarity coefficient of 0.928 ± 0.023, the volumetric similarity of 0.928 ± 0.023, precision of 0.925 ± 0.030, and recall of 0.921 ± 0.029 for total PAS segmentation. The performance showed region-specific differences, revealing lower accuracy in the glossopharyngeal and hypopharyngeal sections than in the upper sections (P <0.001). However, the accuracy of model performance at each pharyngeal VOI showed no significant difference according to sagittal or vertical skeletal patterns. Conclusions: The 3D-convolutional neural network performance for region-specific PAS analysis is promising to substitute for laborious and time-consuming manual analysis in every skeletal and pharyngeal pattern.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

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