An internet of things-based point-of-care device for direct reverse-transcription-loop mediated isothermal amplification to identify SARS-CoV-2

Huynh Quoc Nguyen, Hoang Khang Bui, Vu Minh Phan, Tae Seok Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rapid and accurate testing tools for SARS-CoV-2 detection are urgently needed to prevent the spreading of the virus and to take timely governmental actions. Internet of things (IoT)-based diagnostic devices would be an ideal platform for point-of-care (POC) screening of COVID-19 and ubiquitous healthcare monitoring for patients. Herein, we present an advanced IoT-based POC device for real-time direct reverse-transcription-loop mediated isothermal amplification assay to detect SARS-CoV-2. The diagnostic system is miniaturized (10 cm [height] × 9 cm [width] × 5.5 cm [length]) and lightweight (320 g), which can be operated with a portable battery and a smartphone. Once a liquid sample was loaded into an integrated microfluidic chip, a series of sample lysis, nucleic amplification, and real-time monitoring of the fluorescent signals of amplicons were automatically performed. Four reaction chambers were patterned on the chip, targeting As1e, N, E genes and a negative control, so multiple genes of SARS-CoV-2 could be simultaneously analyzed. The fluorescence intensities in each chamber were measured by a CMOS camera upon excitation with a 488 nm LED light source. The recorded data were processed by a microprocessor inside the IoT-based POC device and transferred and displayed on the wirelessly connected smartphone in real-time. The positive results could be obtained using three primer sets of SARS-CoV-2 with a limit of detection of 2 × 101 genome copies/μL, and the clinical sample of SARS-CoV-2 was successfully analyzed with high sensitivity and accuracy. Our platform could provide an advanced molecular diagnostic tool to test SARS-CoV-2 anytime and anywhere.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113655
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume195
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Internet of things (IoT)
  • Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)
  • Molecular diagnostic
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Smartphone

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