Biomass seaweed-derived nitrogen self-doped porous carbon anodes for sodium-ion batteries: Insights into the structure and electrochemical activity

Chenrayan Senthil, Jae Woo Park, Nitheesha Shaji, Gyu Sang Sim, Chang Woo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sustainable transformation and efficient utilization of biomasses and their derived materials are environmentally as well as economically compliant strategies. Biomass seaweed-derived nitrogen self-doped porous carbon with tailored surface area and pore structures are prepared through carbonization and activation. The influence of carbonization temperature on morphology, surface area, and heteroatom dopants are investigated to optimize sodium-ion storage capability. Seaweed-derived nitrogen self-doped activated carbon (SAC) as anode materials for sodium-ion batteries exhibits remarkable reversible capacity of 303/192 mAh g−1 after 100/500 cycles at current densities of 100/200 mA g−1, respectively, and a good rate capability. The interconnected and porous conducting nature along with the heteroatom dopant role in creating defective sites and charge stabilization are favorable for ion storage and diffusion and electron transport, indicating the electrodes can offer improved electrochemical performances. In addition, post-mortem analysis of the cycled carbon electrodes through ex-situ tools demonstrates the sodium-ion storage mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-295
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Energy Chemistry
Volume64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Anode
  • Biomass
  • Heteroatom self-doping
  • Porous carbon
  • Post-mortem ex-situ analysis
  • Sodium-ion batteries

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