Chronic diseases represent a pressing global concern and are strongly related to the modern lifestyle. Thus, maintaining chronic disease in daily life is important. Advances in the development of chronic disease biosensors could help people to diagnose diseases earlier and tightly care at home or a body site. This review covers the efforts in the field of biosensor development for two crucial chronic diseases: cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Concerning the CVD diagnosis, the review presents major CVD biomarkers, troponin T, troponin I, myoglobin, and creatine kinase myocardial band subform, and discusses their current status. Concerning the T2D biosensors, the review emphasizes the importance of effective CGM biosensors in preventing diabetic complications. By engaging with other vital-signal sensors, the technology could be extended to an integrated platform for personal healthcare.
- Cardiovascular disease
- Chronic diseases