Cohen syndrome patient ipsc-derived neurospheres and forebrain-like glutamatergic neurons reveal reduced proliferation of neural progenitor cells and altered expression of synapse genes

You Kyung Lee, Su Kyeong Hwang, Soo Kyung Lee, Jung Eun Yang, Ji Hye Kwak, Hyunhyo Seo, Hyunjun Ahn, Yong Seok Lee, Janghwan Kim, Chae Seok Lim, Bong Kiun Kaang, Jae Hyung Lee, Jin A. Lee, Kyungmin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cohen syndrome (CS), a rare autosomal recessive disorder, has been associated with genetic mutations in the VPS13B gene, which regulates vesicle-mediated protein sorting and transport. However, the cellular mechanism underlying CS pathogenesis in patient-derived human neurons remains unknown. We identified a novel compound heterozygous mutation, due to homozygous variation of biparental origin and heterozygous variation inherited from the father, in the VPS13B gene in a 20-month-old female patient. To understand the cellular pathogenic mechanisms, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from the fibroblasts of the CS patient. The iPSCs were differentiated into forebrain-like functional glutamatergic neurons or neurospheres. Functional annotation from transcriptomic analysis using CS iPSC-derived neurons revealed that synapse-related functions were enriched among the upregulated and downregulated genes in the CS neurons, whereas processes associated with neurodevelopment were enriched in the downregulated genes. The developing CS neurospheres were small in size compared to control neurospheres, likely due to the reduced proliferation of SOX2-positive neural stem cells. Moreover, the number of SV2B-positive puncta and spine-like structures was significantly reduced in the CS neurons, suggesting synaptic dysfunction. Taking these findings together, for the first time, we report a potential cellular pathogenic mechanism which reveals the alteration of neurodevelopment-related genes and the dysregulation of synaptic function in the human induced neurons differentiated from iPSCs and neurospheres of a CS patient.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1886
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Cohen syndrome
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)
  • Neurosphere
  • Transcriptomic analysis
  • VPS13B

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