Comparison of patellofemoral-specific clinical and radiographic results after total knee arthroplasty using a patellofemoral design-modified prosthesis and its predecessor

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Abstract

Backgroud: One recently developed total knee arthroplasty (TKA) prosthesis was designed to alter the patellofemoral geometry and optimize patellar tracking compared to its predecessor. Despite an expectation that the improved design would contribute to optimal patellofemoral compatibility, its effect has not been confirmed with patellofemoral-specific clinical scoring systems and radiographic parameters. Our purpose was to compare patellofemoral-specific clinical and radiographic results after TKA using a patellofemoral design-modified prosthesis and its predecessor. Methods: The results of 200 TKAs with Attune (group A) were compared to those of 200 TKAs with PFC Sigma (group B). Clinically, the presence of anterior knee pain (AKP), patellar crepitation, and Kujala score were checked. Radiographically, anterior femoral offset (AFO), posterior femoral offset (PFO), position of patellar ridge, and patellar tilt and translation were compared. Results: In group A, AKP and patellar crepitation occurred less frequently (AKP: 3% vs. 8%, p = 0.028; patellar crepitation: 2.5% vs. 9%, p = 0.005) and Kujala score was higher (81.8 vs. 77.9, p < 0.001), when compared to group B. The AFO decreased in group A postoperatively but increased in group B (−1.2 vs. 1.1 mm, p < 0.001). The change in PFO was smaller in group A than group B (−1.2 vs. −3.6 mm, p < 0.001). The change in patellar ridge after TKA was smaller in group A than group B (1.4% vs. 8.3%, p < 0.001). The postoperative patella of group A was more laterally tilted (5.9° vs. 2.2°, p < 0.001) and less laterally translated (0.9 vs. 2.6 mm, p < 0.001). The proportion of incompatible patella tilt angle (≥ ± 10°) was greater in group A than group B (21.7% vs. 4.5%, p < 0.001). Conclusions: TKA using Attune provided better patellofemoral-specific clinical results and favorable radiographic parameters related with patellar ridge, AFO, and PFO than TKA using PFC Sigma did. However, the current prosthesis did not provide better radiographic patellar tracking, which might be due to the medial location of the patellar ridge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-184
Number of pages10
JournalClinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Arthroplasty
  • Compatibility
  • Knee
  • Patellofemoral

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