Computerized assessment of occlusion and muscle activity during use of a multilayer clear retainer: A preliminary study

Kyoung Yeon Kim, Jin Young Choi, Song Hee Oh, Hyung Wook Moon, Seong Hun Kim, Hyo Won Ahn, Kyung A. Kim, Gerald Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate the short-term changes of occlusal contacts and muscle activity after orthodontic treatment during the use of a multi-layer clear retainer. Evaluation was done with the T-scan and BioEMG systems. A total of 18 subjects were included, who were evaluated at three time intervals—T0 at debonding, T1 at one month after retainer delivery, and T2 at four months after retainer delivery. The T-scan and electromyography (EMG) data were recorded simultaneously. The T-scan system recorded the occlusion time, disclusion time and force distribution. The EMG waves were quantified by calculating the asymmetry index and activity index. The time variables changed but not significantly. Occlusal force decreased in the anterior dentition and increased in the posterior dentition during T0–T2. There was no clear evidence of a relationship between unbalanced occlusal forces and muscle activity. In most subjects, the temporalis anterior muscle was more dominant than the masseter muscle. From this preliminary computerized study, there were no significant changes in the state of the occlusion or muscle activity during the short-term retention period.

Original languageEnglish
Article number541
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalSensors
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Electromyography
  • Muscle activity
  • Occlusion
  • Orthodontic retainer
  • T-scan

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