Corilagin (CLG) is a hydrolyzable tannin and possesses various pharmacological activities. Here, we investigated the impact of CLG as an anti-tumor agent against human gastric tumor cells. We observed that CLG could cause negative regulation of JAKs-Src-STAT3/5 signaling axis in SNU-1 cells, but did not affect these pathways in SNU-16 cells. Interestingly, CLG promoted the induction of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) signaling pathways in only SNU-16 cells, but not in the SNU-1 cells. CLG exhibited apoptotic effects that caused an increased accumulation of the cells in sub-G1 phase and caspase-3 activation in both SNU-1 and SNU-16 cell lines. We also noticed that CLG and docetaxel co-treatment could exhibit significantly enhanced apoptotic effects against SNU-1 cells. Moreover, the combinations treatment of CLG and docetaxel markedly inhibited cell growth, phosphorylation of JAK-Src-STAT3 and induced substantial apoptosis. Additionally, pharmacological inhibition of JNK, p38, and ERK substantially blocked CLG-induced activation of MAPKs, cell viability, and apoptosis, thereby implicating the pivotal role of MAPKs in the observed anti-cancer effects of CLG. Taken together, our data suggest that CLG could effectively block constitutive STAT3/5 activation in SNU-1 cells but induce sustained MAPKs activation in SNU-16 cells.
- gastric cancer
- mitogen-activated protein kinases