Deacetylasperulosidic acid ameliorates pruritus, immune imbalance, and skin barrier dysfunction in 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene-induced atopic dermatitis nc/nga mice

Jin Su Oh, Geum Su Seong, Yong Deok Kim, Se Young Choung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD), a disease characterized by severe pruritus, immune imbalance, and skin barrier dysfunction, is rapidly increasing worldwide. Deacetylasperulosidic acid (DAA) has anti-atopic activity in the three main cell types associated with AD: keratinocytes, mast cells, and eosinophils. Our study investigated the anti-atopic activity of DAA in 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene-induced NC/Nga mice. DAA alleviated the symptoms of AD, including infiltration of inflammatory cells (mast cells and eosinophils), epidermal thickness, ear thickness, and scratching behavior. Furthermore, DAA reduced serum IgE, histamine, and IgG1/IgG2a ratio and modulated the levels of AD-related cytokines and chemokines, namely interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ, thymic stromal lymphopoietin, thymus and activation-regulated chemokine, macrophage-derived chemokine, and regulated on activation the normal T cell expressed and secreted in the serum. DAA restored immune balance by regulating gene expression and secretion of Th1-, Th2-, Th9-, Th17-, and Th22-mediated inflammatory factors in the dorsal skin and splenocytes and restored skin barrier function by increasing the expression of the pro-filaggrin gene and barrier-related proteins filaggrin, involucrin, and loricrin. These results suggest DAA as a potential therapeutic agent that can alleviate the symptoms of AD by reducing pruritus, modulating immune imbalance, and restoring skin barrier function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number226
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Deacetylasperulosidic acid
  • Fermented Morinda citrifolia
  • Immune balance
  • NC/Nga mice
  • Pruritus
  • Skin barrier function

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