Description of Flavobacterium cyclinae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium channae sp. nov., isolated from the intestines of Cyclina sinensis (Corb shell) and Channa argus (Northern snakehead)

Seomin Kang, Jae Yun Lee, Jeong Eun Han, Yun Seok Jeong, Do Hun Gim, Jin Woo Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two novel bacterial strains, KSM-R2A25T and KSM-R2A30T, were isolated from intestines of Cyclina sinensis (corb shell) and Channa argus (northern snakehead), respectively. Both specimens were collected in Korea. The strains were Gramstain-negative, non-motile, and strictly aerobic. According to phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strains belonged to the genus Flavobacterium within the family Flavobacteriaceae. 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains KSM-R2A25T and KSM-R2A30T were closely related to Flavobacterium cucumis DSM 18830T and Flavobacterium aquaticum JC164T with sequence similarities of 97.77% and 98.54%, respectively. Further genomic analyses including reconstruction of the UBCG tree and overall genome-related indices suggested them as novel species of the genus Flavobacterium. Both strains contained menaquinone with six isoprene units (MK-6) as a major isoprenoid quinone and iso-C15:1 G, iso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0 as major cellular fatty acids. The major polar lipid in both strains was phosphatidylethanolamine. The genomic G + C contents of strains KSM-R2A25T and KSM-R2A30T were 31.7 and 31.9%, respectively. Based on the polyphasic taxonomic study presented here, strains KSM-R2A25T and KSM-R2A30T represent novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the names Flavobacterium cyclinae sp. nov and Flavobacterium channae sp. nov are proposed. The type strains of F. cyclinae sp. nov and F. channae sp. nov are KSM-R2A25T (= KCTC 82978T = JCM 34997T) and KSM-R2A30T (= KCTC 82979T = JCM 34998T), respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)890-898
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Microbiology
Volume60
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Channa argus
  • Cyclina sinensis
  • Flavobacterium
  • Flavobacterium channae
  • Flavobacterium cyclinae
  • gut microbiota
  • taxonomy

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