Carbon nanotubes are the most effective way to enhance electrical conductivity between particles, although the growth mechanism in zeolitic imidazolate frameworks still remains elusive. According to our density functional theory calculations and experimental studies, the role of cobalt nanoparticles as catalysts was proved to induce graphitization during pyrolysis. In particular, the sizes and exposed facets of the Co particles play an important role in triggering a hierarchical carbon nanotubes. This work paves the way to control the growth of carbon nanotubes toward various applications.
- Carbon nanotube
- Cobalt catalyst
- Electrical conductivity
- Nanoporous carbon architecture
- Zeolitic imidazolate framework