Effectiveness of battery electric vehicle promotion on particulate matter emissions reduction

Hyunhong Choi, Yoonmo Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Quantifying environmental benefits from battery electric vehicles (BEVs) requires an understanding of the long-term substitutional relationships among different vehicle technologies. This study analyzes how BEV promotion can contribute to reductions in particulate matter (PM) emissions in Korea and investigates effective long-term policy options. Using a choice model, this study simulates consumers’ vehicle replacement behavior under various policy scenarios from 2018 to 2025. The results show that BEV promotion alone has limited effectiveness at reducing PM emissions because BEV purchases were predominantly made by gasoline vehicle owners while diesel vehicles are the key source of emissions. This finding is significant because investment in BEV promotion in Korea specifies PM emissions reductions as their core objective and legal basis. Investigation of additional policy options suggests that the combination of direct regulations on diesel vehicles and a targeted rebate to promote substitution between diesel vehicles and BEVs can reduce PM emissions by ~13%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102758
JournalTransportation Research, Part D: Transport and Environment
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Electric vehicle
  • Feebate policy
  • Fine dust
  • Particulate matter
  • Vehicle adoption


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