Effects of surface wettability on pool boiling process: Dynamic and thermal behaviors of dry spots and relevant critical heat flux triggering mechanism

Hyungdae Kim, Dong Eok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate experimentally and numerically the influences of surface wettability on the boiling process from nucleate boiling to critical heat flux (CHF). The boiling surfaces with four different wettabilities (apparent contact angles) are examined. Using a simple optic setup, sequential phase distribution images on the boiling surfaces were acquired, and we analyzed the dynamics of microlayer, bulk liquid region, and dry spots with the processed images. The variation of surface wettability significantly affected the liquid and vapor phase behaviors on the boiling surface, such as the growth and shrinkage of the microlayer and dry spot, wetting velocity and area portion of the dry spot. As a result, the CHF increased with the surface wettability, and we found the CHF is triggered from a local dry spot where the liquid wets the spot no longer and is violently scattered by strong evaporation at the triple contact line. Our numerical simulation results, in which the three-dimensional transient heat diffusion equation was solved for the boiling substrate using the phase distribution images as boundary conditions, indicated that certain dry spots (critical dry spot) can be highly overheated under high heat flux condition, and they lead significant heat transfer degradation and, eventually, the CHF. With the numerical results and observation of the phase distribution images at the CHF conditions, we postulated the allowable wetting temperature and formulated it as a function of surface wettability through considering the balance between vapor recoil and surface tension forces. The wetting temperature increased with surface wettability, and it was confirmed by the numerical results. Finally, we proposed a qualitative relation to elucidate the influence of surface wettability on the CHF based on the heat conduction via the vapor on a critical dry spot and heat flux partitioning concept.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121762
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume180
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Critical heat flux
  • Dry spot
  • Pool boiling
  • Surface wettability

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