This study investigates the distribution of microbiome in microbial electrosynthesis systems at different applied voltages (0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 V) for methane production. Results revealed that more favorable conditions for methane production were observed with 1.0 V applied voltage. In Venn plots, the bioelectrodes at 1.0 V had higher numbers of unique operational taxonomic units compared to those at 0.5 and 1.5 V. Hierarchical cluster, non-metric multidimensional scaling, and principal component ordinate analyses revealed that the biocathode at 1.0 V clustered separately from the rest of the biofilms mainly because of the quantitative differences in the microbial distribution. Taxonomically, exoelectrogens (Geobacter spp.) dominated the bioanode at 1.0 V, while the syntrophic assemblages of hydrogen-producing bacteria (i.e., Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes) and hydrogen-consuming methanogens (i.e., Methanobacterium sp.) existed in the biocathode. These results suggest that the optimum applied voltage enriched specific microbial communities on the anode and cathode for enhanced methane production.
- Anaerobic digestion (AD)
- Applied voltage
- Hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis
- Microbial electrosynthesis (MES)