Factors associated with dropout in a lifestyle modification program for weight management in children and adolescents

Jane Park, Sarah Woo, Young Su Ju, Young Gyun Seo, Hyun Jung Lim, Yoon Myung Kim, Hye Mi Noh, Hye Ja Lee, Sang Ick Park, Kyung Hee Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Significant dropout rates remain a serious concern in pediatric weight control program, but few studies have identified predictors of dropout. Aims: The objective of the study is to identify factors associated with dropout from a pediatric lifestyle modification weight control program at different phases. Methods: Data on overweight and obese participants (n = 242) aged 11–18 years in the Intervention for Childhood and Adolescent Obesity via Activity and Nutrition (ICAAN) study were collected at baseline, 6-months, and 24-months through self-report and a laboratory test. Logistic regression analysis was performed for those who dropped out during the first 6-months, and multivariate generalized estimating equation analysis identified longitudinal factors associated with those who dropped out after 24 months. Results: Lower family functioning (OR = 2.30, 95% CI [1.18−4.46]), exercise group (OR = 0.36, 95% CI [0.15−0.86]), lower initial attendance rate (OR = 6.09, 95% CI [2.94−12.6]), and non-self -referral pathways (OR = 2.35, 95% CI [1.05−5.27]) were significantly associated with 6-month dropouts. For late dropout, lower family functioning (OR = 1.71, 95% CI [1.06−2.77]) and lower initial attendance rates (OR = 2.06, 95% CI [1.12−3.81]) remained significant. Conclusion: Family function and initial attendance rate were associated with lower dropout rates. Developing a supportive family environment and focusing on the early-stage factors at the intervention's outset may reduce overall dropout rates in obesity prevention intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-572
Number of pages7
JournalObesity Research and Clinical Practice
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Dropout
  • Family
  • Lifestyle modification intervention
  • Pediatric obesity

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