The flashlight annealing process has been widely used in the field of flexible and printed electronics because it can instantly induce chemical and structural modifications over a large area on an electronic functional layer in a subsecond time range. In this study, for the first time, we explored a straightforward method to develop strong self-adhesion on a metal nanowire-based flexible and transparent conductive film via flashlight irradiation. Nanowire interlocking, for strong mechanical bonding at the interface between the nanowires and polyamide film, was achieved by simple hot pressing. Then, by irradiating the nanowire-impregnated film with a flashlight, several events such as interdiffusion and melting of surface polymers could be induced along with morphological changes leading to an increase in the film surface area. As a result, the surface of the fabricated film exhibited strong interfacial interactions while forming intimate contact with the heterogeneous surfaces of other objects, thereby becoming strongly self-adhesive. This readily achievable, self-attachable, flexible, and transparent electrode allowed the self-interconnection of a light-emitting diode chip, and it was also compatible for various applications, such as defogging windows and transparent organic light-emitting diodes.
- nanowire transparent electrode
- photothermal reaction
- self-attachable surface