Genome Plasticity by Insertion Sequences Learned From a Case of Radiation-Resistant Bacterium Deinococcus geothermalis

Chanjae Lee, Min K. Bae, Nakjun Choi, Su Jeong Lee, Sung Jae Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The genome of the radiation-resistant bacterium Deinococcus geothermalis contains 19 types of insertion sequences (ISs), including 93 total transposases (Tpases) in 73 full-length ISs from the main chromosome and 2 mega plasmids. In this study, 68 ISs from the D. geothermalis genome were extracted to implicate the earlier genome before its mutation by transposition of ISs. The total size of eliminated ISs from genome was 78.85 kb. From these in silico corrections of mutation by the ISs, we have become aware of some bioinformatics factualness as follows: (1) can reassemble the disrupted genes if the exact IS region was eliminated, (2) can configure the schematic clustering of major DDE type Tpases, (3) can determine IS integration order across multiple hot spots, and (4) can compare genetic relativeness by the partial synteny analysis between D. geothermalis and Deinococcus strain S9. Recently, we found that several IS elements actively transferred to other genomic sites under hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress conditions, resulting in the inactivation of functional genes. Therefore, the single species genome’s mobilome study provides significant support to define bacterial genome plasticity and molecular evolution from past and present progressive transposition events.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBioinformatics and Biology Insights
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Deinococcus geothermalis
  • genomic plasticity
  • in silico correction
  • insertion sequence (IS)
  • transposase (Tpase)
  • transposition

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Genome Plasticity by Insertion Sequences Learned From a Case of Radiation-Resistant Bacterium Deinococcus geothermalis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this