KMAG: KPLO magnetometer payload

Hyojeong Lee, Ho Jin, Byungwook Jeong, Seungah Lee, Seongwhan Lee, Seul Min Baek, Jehyuck Shin, Jung Kyu Lee, Hyeonhu Park, Khan Hyuk Kim, Derac Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Kplo-MAGnetometer (KMAG) is one of the scientific instruments of Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO) set to be launched in 2022. Its objectives are magnetic field investigation and technical demonstration near the surface of the Moon. Specifically, it will investigate the lithospheric magnetism of the Moon and measure the electromagnetic wave properties near the lunar surface. It consists of three fluxgate magnetometers on a 1.2 m long boom, which is relatively shorter than the boom used in other missions. The three magnetometers are included for scientific measurements, redundancy checks, and multi-sensor technical investigation. The magnetometers and an inner Anisotropic Magneto-Resistive sensor perform simultaneous sampling to correct for the magnetic field interference caused by the spacecraft. The fully integrated flight model assembly showed that the magnetometer noise level was less than 30 pT Hz−1/2 at 1 Hz and stability was within ±0.2 nT at the 10 Hz sampling rate. This paper describes the configuration and performance of the KMAG using the multi-sensing method. KPLO, THEMIS-ARTEMIS spacecraft, and Commercial Lunar Payload Service modules will be in their operational phase simultaneously. Therefore, the KMAG will be able to contribute to multi-site in-situ measurements of the lunar magnetic field. We expect that the KMAG will provide an up-to-date lunar observation data set and an opportunity to perform the multi-sensor observation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034506
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Issue number1021
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Lunar magnetic fields
  • Lunar science
  • Space vehicle instruments
  • The Moon


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