MR-Based Electrical Conductivity Imaging of Liver Fibrosis in an Experimental Rat Model

Jin Woong Kim, Hyun Bum Kim, Young Hoe Hur, Bup Kyung Choi, Nitish Katoch, Ji Ae Park, Hyung Joong Kim, Eung Je Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Liver fibrosis is characterized by the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins. Electrical conductivity imaging at low frequency can provide novel contrast because the contrast mechanisms originate from the changes in the concentration and mobility of ions in the extracellular space. Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of an MR-based electrical conductivity imaging that can detect the changes in a tissue condition associated with the progression of liver fibrosis. Study Type: Prospective phantom and animal study. Animal Model: Fibrosis was induced by weekly intraperitoneal injection of dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) in 45 male Sprague–Dawley rats. Field Strength/Sequence: 3T MRI with a multispin-echo pulse sequence. Assessment: The percentage change of conductivity (Δσ, %) in the same region-of-interest (ROI) was calculated from the DMN-treated rats based on the values of the normal control rats. The percentage change was also calculated between the ROIs in each DMN-treated group. Statistical Tests: One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and a two-sample t-test were performed. Results: Liver tissues in normal control rats showed a uniform conductivity distribution of 56.6 ± 4.4 (mS/m). In rats more than 5 weeks after induction, the fibrous region showed an increased conductivity of ≥12% compared to that of the corresponding normal control rats. From regional comparisons in the same liver, the fibrous region showed an increased conductivity of ≥11% compared to the opposite, less induced region of rats more than 5 weeks after induction. Liver samples from the fibrous region represent tissue damages such as diffuse centrilobular congestion with marked dilatation of central veins from the histological findings. Immunohistochemistry revealed significant levels of attenuated fibrosis and increased inflammatory response. Data Conclusion: The increased conductivity in the fibrous region is related to the changes of the extracellular space. The correlation between the collagen deposition and conductivity changes is essential for future clinical studies. Level of Evidence 2. Technical Efficacy Stage 2. J. MAGN. RESON. IMAGING 2021;53:554–563.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)554-563
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • electrical conductivity
  • ion concentration
  • ion mobility
  • liver fibrosis
  • magnetic resonance imaging

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