## Abstract

In this paper, non-overlapping domain decomposition algorithms for the Stokes problem with a discontinuous viscosity coefficient are proposed and analyzed. A pair of inf–sup stable finite element spaces with discontinuous pressure finite element functions is employed to obtain a discrete Stokes system. By introducing a non-overlapping subdomain partition for the given finite element spaces, the discrete Stokes system is reformulated into an algebraic system on dual unknowns, where the continuity on the velocity unknowns at the subdomain vertices is enforced strongly and the continuity on the remaining interface velocity unknowns is enforced weakly using the dual unknowns. The resulting algebraic system on the dual unknowns is then solved by an iterative method. The coarse problem in the resulting algebraic system is only related to the strongly coupled primal velocity unknowns and it is thus obtained as a symmetric positive definite matrix equation. To accelerate the iteration convergence, practical versions of lumped and Dirichlet preconditioners are proposed and their condition numbers are also analyzed for the resulting dual algebraic system. Numerical results are also included to confirm our condition number estimates.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 115640 |

Journal | Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics |

Volume | 440 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Apr 2024 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2023 Elsevier B.V.

## Keywords

- Coarse problem
- Condition number
- Dirichlet preconditioner
- Discontinuous viscosity
- Lumped preconditioner
- Non-overlapping subdomain partition
- Stokes problem