Oral Soft Tissue Regeneration Using Nano Controlled System Inducing Sequential Release of Trichloroacetic Acid and Epidermal Growth Factor

Kwang Man Park, Hong Jae Lee, Ki Tae Koo, Heithem Ben Amara, Richard Leesungbok, Kwantae Noh, Sang Cheon Lee, Suk Won Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background:: The effect of nano controlled sequential release of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the oral soft tissue regeneration was determined. Methods:: Hydrophobically modified glycol chitosan (HGC) nano controlled system was developed for the sequential release of TCA and EGF, and the release pattern was identified. The HGC-based nano controlled release system was injected into the critical-sized defects created in beagles’ palatal soft tissues. The palatal impression and its scanned body was obtained on various time points post-injection, and the volumetric amount of soft tissue regeneration was compared among the three groups: CON (natural regeneration control group), EXP1 (TCA-loaded nano controlled release system group), EXP2 (TCA and EGF individually loaded nano controlled release system). DNA microarray analysis was performed and various soft tissue regeneration parameters in histopathological specimens were measured. Results:: TCA release was highest at Day 1 whereas EGF release was highest at Day 2 and remained high until Day 3. In the volumetric measurements of impression body scans, no significant difference in soft tissue regeneration between the three groups was shown in two-way ANOVA. However, in the one-way ANOVA at Day 14, EXP2 showed a significant increase in soft tissue regeneration compared to CON. High correlation was determined between the histopathological results of each group. DNA microarray showed up-regulation of various genes and related cell signaling pathways in EXP2 compared to CON. Conclusion:: HGC-based nano controlled release system for sequential release of TCA and EGF can promote regeneration of oral soft tissue defects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-103
Number of pages13
JournalTissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Canine palate
  • Epidermal growth factor
  • Human gingival fibroblast
  • Nano controlled release system
  • Soft tissue regeneration
  • Trichloroacetic acid

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