## Abstract

Neutron diffraction studies on magnetic solids composed of axially elongated CoO4X2 (X = Cl, Br, S, Se) octahedra show that the ordered magnetic moments of their high-spin Co2+ (d7, S = 3/2) ions are greater than 3 μB, i.e., the spin moment expected for S = 3/2 ions, and increase almost linearly from 3.22 to 4.45 μB as the bond-length ratio rCo-X/rCo-O increases from 1.347 to 1.659 where rCo-X and rCo-O are the Co-X and Co-O bond lengths, respectively. These observations imply that the orbital moments of the Co2+ ions increase linearly from 0.22 to 1.45 μB with increasing the rCo-X/rCo-O ratio from 1.347 to 1.659. We probed this implication by examining the condition for unquenched orbital moment and also by evaluating the magnetic moments of the Co2+ ions based on DFT+U+SOC calculations for those systems of the CoO4X2 octahedra. Our work shows that the orbital moments of the Co2+ ions are essentially quenched and, hence, that the observations of the neutron diffraction studies are not explained by the current theory of magnetic moments. This discrepancy between experiment and theory urges one to check the foundations of the current theory of magnetic moments as well as the current method of neutron diffraction refinements for ordered magnetic structures.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 18319-18324 |

Number of pages | 6 |

Journal | Inorganic Chemistry |

Volume | 59 |

Issue number | 24 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 21 Dec 2020 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2020 American Chemical Society.

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