Polydeoxyribonucleotide attenuates airway inflammation through a2ar signaling pathway in pm10-exposed mice

Lakkyong Hwang, Jun Jang Jin, Il Gyu Ko, Suyeon Kim, Young A. Cho, Jun Seok Sung, Cheon Woong Choi, Bok Soon Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Inhalation of air containing high amounts of particular matter (PM) causes various respiratory disorders including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer. The changes of expression of inflammatory factors by polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) administration in the PM10-exposed trachea inflammation model were evaluated. Methods: PM10 was administered to mouse trachea to induce acute inflammatory damage, and changes in inflammatory factors were observed after administration of PDRN and 3,7-dimethyl-1-propargylxanthine (DMPX) for 3 days daily. Expression of inflammatory cytokines, adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR), protein kinase A (PKA), 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate responsive element binding protein (CREB) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunofluorescence, and western blot assay. Results: PM-exposed trachea showed increased tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β expression, and expression of TNF-α and IL-1β was inhibited by PDRN treatment in PM-exposed mice. PM-exposed trachea showed increased nuclear factor (NF)-κB phosphorylation, and phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B was inhibited by PDRN treatment in PM-exposed mice. PM-exposed trachea showed increased expression of A2AR, but PDRN treatment more enhanced A2AR expression in PM-exposed mice. PKA phosphorylation was not changed and CREP phosphorylation was decreased, however PDRN treatment increased phosphorylation of PKA and CREB in PM-exposed mice. DMPX treatment blocked all the effects of PDRN on PM-exposed mice, demonstrating that the action of PDRN occurs via A2AR. Conclusions: PDRN treatment attenuated inflammation in the trachea of the PM10-exposed mice. This improving effect of PDRN can be ascribed to the activation of A2AR through the cAMP-PKA pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S19-S26
JournalInternational Neurourology Journal
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Adenosine A2A receptor
  • Inflammation
  • Particulate matter
  • Polydeoxyribonucleotide

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