Pyrolysis kinetics and product distribution of α-cellulose: Effect of potassium and calcium impregnation

Quoc Khanh Tran, Thuan Anh Vo, Hoang Vu Ly, Byeongwan Kwon, Kwang Ho Kim, Seung Soo Kim, Jinsoo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cellulose accounts for the largest proportion of lignocellulosic biomass. Herein, experimental and simulation studies are used to deeply understand the kinetic characteristics of the thermal decomposition of α-cellulose. The simulated data is in good agreement with the experimental data in the aspects of the conversion and the conversion rate versus temperature. The decomposition of α-cellulose, mainly occurring at 270–420 °C, induced an apparent activation energy ranging from 175.42 kJ/mol to 197.73 kJ/mol at a conversion of 10–90%. With 0.1–0.2 wt% K or Ca impregnation into the α-cellulose, the mean activation energy for pyrolysis was lowered (from 181.47 kJ/mol (for α-cellulose) to 141.11 kJ/mol (for 0.2 wt% K/α-cellulose) and 159.46 kJ/mol (for 0.1 wt% Ca/α-cellulose)) and higher amounts of liquid and gas products were produced. Furthermore, the addition of potassium and calcium increased the production of lower molecular weight components, such as furfural and its derivatives. The kinetic parameters of the α-cellulose pyrolysis were determined based on a nonlinear least-squares regression of the experimental data assuming first-order kinetics and correlated with the simulated result. The kinetic rate constants indicate that the predominant reaction pathway is from α-cellulose into a liquid product, rather than from α-cellulose into a gas product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-340
Number of pages12
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume181
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Activation energy
  • Alkali and alkaline earth metals
  • Kinetic triplet
  • Micro tubing reactor
  • α-Cellulose

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