Rehabilitation therapy for patients with osteoporosis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fractures in patients with osteoporosis are attributable to falls and reduced bone mass. Therefore, balance and muscle strength should be improved and bone mass should be increased to prevent fractures. This study aims to investigate a rehabilitation treatment for osteoporosis. Exercise is a potentially safe and effective way to increase bone density and prevent postmenopausal bone loss. Based on bone densitometry results, rehabilitation exercises can be applied variably. Fractures caused by osteoporotic fragility may be prevented with multidisciplinary intervention programs including education, environmental modifications, aids, and individually tailored exercise programs. In addition, strengthening the paraspinal muscles may not only maintain bone mineral density but also reduce the risk of vertebral fractures. Rehabilitation after vertebral fractures includes proprioceptive dynamic posture training that decreases kyphotic posturing through the recruitment of back extensors. This training reduces pain, improves mobility, and leads to a better quality of life. Hip fractures may be prevented by hip protectors and exercise programs that can improve the strength and mobility of patients with hip fractures. Considering the musculoskeletal condition, the spine should be protected using a spinal orthosis, taping, hip pad, and walking aid, if necessary. Efforts to activate programs such as fracture liaison services should also be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-372
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Korean Medical Association
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Bone fractures
  • Exercise
  • Osteoporosis
  • Physical therapy
  • Rehabilitation

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