Sensor system: A survey of sensor type, ad hoc network topology and energy harvesting techniques

Phuoc Duc Nguyen, Lok Won Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

People nowadays are entering an era of rapid evolution due to the generation of massive amounts of data. Such information is produced with an enormous contribution from the use of billions of sensing devices equipped with in situ signal processing and communication capabilities which form wireless sensor networks (WSNs). As the number of small devices connected to the Internet is higher than 50 billion, the Internet of Things (IoT) devices focus on sensing accuracy, communication efficiency, and low power consumption because IoT device deployment is mainly for correct information acquisition, remote node accessing, and longer-term operation with lower battery changing requirements. Thus, recently, there have been rich activities for original research in these domains. Various sensors used by processing devices can be heterogeneous or homogeneous. Since the devices are primarily expected to operate independently in an autonomous manner, the abilities of connection, communication, and ambient energy scavenging play significant roles, especially in a large-scale deployment. This paper classifies wireless sensor nodes into two major categories based the types of the sensor array (heterogeneous/homogeneous). It also emphasizes on the utilization of ad hoc networking and energy harvesting mechanisms as a fundamental cornerstone to building a self-governing, sustainable, and perpetually-operated sensor system. We review systems representative of each category and depict trends in system development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number219
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Ad hoc
  • Energy harvesting
  • Heterogeneous
  • Homogeneous
  • Sensor system

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