Background: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a regulator of mast cell-mediated allergic inflammatory reactions, but the manner in which TSLP contributes to allergic rhinitis (AR) remains unclear. Objective: Here, we sought to determine that TSLP plays a crucial role in AR by interacting with Src-type tyrosine kinase p56lck and STAT6 and promoting mast cells degranulation. Methods: The effects of TSLP on mast cell degranulation and AR were analysed in human mast cell line (HMC-1 cells), ovalbumin (OVA)-induced AR animal model, and human subjects. Small interfering RNA experiments were performed in HMC-1 cells and OVA-induced AR model. Immune responses were analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blotting, immunoprecipitation, and histological studies. Results: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin levels and mast cell-derived p56lck activation were elevated in human subjects with AR, and in AR mice, exogenous TSLP accelerated TH2-allergic inflammatory reactions by up-regulating p56lck and STAT6. On the other hand, depletion of TSLP, p56lck, and STAT6 ameliorated clinical symptoms in AR mice. The selective inhibitor of p56lck, damnacanthal, inhibits AR reactions. Conclusion: Collectively, these observations suggest a role for TSLP/p56lck/STAT6 in AR and offer insight into potential therapeutic strategies.
- allergic rhinitis
- mast cells