Diabetes induces cellular dysfunction in dermal fibroblasts, such as impairment in migration, which is a major cause of chronic wound. Here, we demonstrated that the migration of human dermal fibroblasts was impaired under a high glucose culture condition. Substance P (SP) rescued the impaired migration of the fibroblasts. The activity of Rac1, Rho-associated kinase (ROCK), and Src was required for SP-mediated rescue of fibroblast migration. SP activated Rac1 and Src, whereas, NSC23766, a Rac1 inhibitor, and PP1 and PP2, Src inhibitors, inhibited SP-mediated enhancement of fibroblast migration. Y-27632, a ROCK inhibitor, inhibited the SP-mediated rescue of fibroblast migration. Senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity increased in human dermal fibroblasts cultured in a high glucose environment, but SP inhibited the β-galactosidase activity of the fibroblasts. These results suggest that SP promotes the migration of human dermal fibroblasts in diabetic-condition-mimicking cultures via the activity of Rac1, ROCK, and Src, and inhibits fibroblast senescence in hyperglycemic cultures.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 19 Feb 2020|
- Substance P