Synthesis and characterisation of triphenylmethine dyes for colour conversion layer of the virtual and augmented reality display

Seong Hyun Jang, Geon Ho Lee, Sang Yoon Lee, Se Hun Kim, Woosung Lee, Jae Woong Jung, Jae Pil Kim, Jun Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five triphenylmethine dyes were designed and synthesised for the blue colour conversion layer of virtual and augmented reality displays. To form subpixel patterns suitable for high-brightness microdisplay panels, the prepared dyes must exhibit high solubility, colour strength, durability, and colour purity. For this purpose, three major strategies were introduced: dimerisation of triphenylmethine, chlorination, and counterion exchange. The electrostatic and spectroscopic characteristics of the synthesised dyes were investigated and predicted using computational calculations. The counter anion-modified dyes exhibited superior optical properties and thermal- and photo-stabilities compared to their parent dyes. The modified dyes also showed enhanced solubility toward industrial solvents because of their highly twisted chemical structures and weakly coordinating counter anion substituents. The synthesised dyes were chlorinated to optimise blue colour tuning and prevent the agglomeration of dyes. DTPM-Cl-HFPSI was selected as the main colourant, and EV-HFPSI was selected as the colour-matching colourant to manufacture optimal deep blue colour resists. The optimised spin-coated films exhibited high transmittance in the blue region and excellent properties in terms of brightness and colour purity by absorption over a wide and appropriate visible region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110419
JournalDyes and Pigments
Volume204
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Colour conversion
  • Colour resist
  • Dye
  • Microdisplay
  • Synthesis
  • Triphenylmethine

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