Towards user-centric intervention adaptiveness: Influencing behavior-context based healthy lifestyle interventions

Hafiz Syed Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Bilal Amin, Jamil Hussain, Syed Imran Ali, Muhammad Asif Razzaq, Musarrat Hussain, Asim Abbas Turi, Gwang Hoon Park, Sun Moo Kang, Sungyoung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the era of digital well-being, smart gadgets are the unobtrusive sources of acquiring information. A variety of personalized wellness applications support self-quantification based recommendations to provide wellness status for achieving personalized targets. However, these applications are unable to promote the induction of new healthy habits and thus are not too much effective for long term as users tend to loose their interest. Thus, we have proposed a methodology for User-Centric Adaptive Intervention based on behavior change theory for maintaining end-users’ interest. The methodology consists of four steps: (1) quantification of behavior based on contributing factors governed by expert-driven rules; (2) behavior-context based mapping for the identification of behavior status of the user; (3) selection of appropriate way of intervention to get fruitful outcomes; and finally (4) feedback based evaluation on the basis of recorded activities and questionnaires for satisfaction. A comprehensive healthy behavior index-based quantification supports the machine learning-based prediction model for behavior-context mapping. Furthermore, the evaluation is performed through implicit and explicit feedback analysis along with the accuracy of the behavior-context prediction model through multiple scenarios to cover comprehensive situations. The ensemble classifier suggests the accuracy of 98.02% for the behavior-context prediction model, which is higher than the other classifiers. The gain in behavior change is drawn from implicit feedback, which depicts that behavior context-based methods have improved the adaptation in behavior at a steady pace for the long term. The explicit feedback from 99 end-users of wellness application based on the proposed methodology obtained Good and Desired status for widely used System Usability Score and AttrakDiff tools respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177156-177179
Number of pages24
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Adaptive interventions
  • Behavior-context
  • Healthy behavior index
  • Lifelog monitoring
  • Lifestyle
  • Self-quantification
  • User behavior


Dive into the research topics of 'Towards user-centric intervention adaptiveness: Influencing behavior-context based healthy lifestyle interventions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this